The Most Common Eye Problems: A Quick Guide

Your sight is one of your most valuable assets. Everything from enjoying a beautiful day to basic freedom of mobility hinges on them.

But even though Americans cite loss of vision as one of their biggest fears, many don’t know the hallmarks of common eye problems. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, and many eye problems can have excellent prognoses if caught early.

So to help you safeguard your eye health, here are some of the most common types of eye problems to watch out for.

1. Cataracts

Cataracts are the issue on this list that you’re most likely to be familiar with. They’re identifiable by a cloudy, milky white lens in the eye. Caused by injury, UV light exposure, or natural degradation over time, they’re most often found in people over the age of 50.

Prevention includes wearing sunglasses when outdoors and protecting your eyes from injury as much as possible. Should they develop, they are usually easily treatable with surgery. Left untreated, they can result in severe vision loss.

2. Keratoconus

The cornea is the clear, outer lens of your eye. And normally, it’s supposed to have a uniform dome shape.

Keratoconus is the result of the collagen that holds the cornea in place weakening, resulting in it taking on a malformed cone shape. If left untreated, it can cause serious vision loss in a short period.

Treatment usually starts with wearing glasses to correct the vision loss in the short term. Rigid contact lenses may also be used to strengthen the cornea and correct the issue. Implants and cornea collagen crosslinking may also be used to prevent the condition from progressing.

3. Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a possible effect of living with diabetes for a prolonged period of time. If you live with high blood sugar for long enough, it can change the blood vessels in the back of the eye and cause the retinas to not receive the nutrients they need.

The extent to which a person is at risk depends on the type of diabetes, how long they’ve had it, and how well they manage their condition by making the right lifestyle choices. Learning to manage your diabetes can help prevent and limit the damage caused, and laser surgery can cause improvement if that becomes necessary.

4. Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a condition that makes it hard to see close objects or small print. It’s often confused with farsightedness because they produce similar symptoms, but the two conditions have different causes.

Farsightedness is caused by the shape of the eyeball itself, bending light rays incorrectly after they enter the eye and creating a distorted effect. Presbyopia is a natural result of aging, caused by the lens of the eye losing flexibility over time.

Presbyopia is a manageable condition, treated by wearing correcting lenses, through surgery or implants, or with certain eyedrops like aceclidine.

Treatment for Common Eye Problems Depends on a Quick Response

The surest way to avoid common eye problems is to make regular visits to your eye doctor. But in between appointments, these eye problem tips can help you to maintain healthy eyesight for a lifetime to come.

But your vision isn’t the only aspect of your health that you need to be vigilant about. To ensure that you can live as the healthiest, happiest version of yourself, be sure to keep up with our latest health and lifestyle guides and tips.